Celery Juice Scientifically Looked at: Myths vs. Facts

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Social media is full of people and companies sharing the positive qualities of Celery juice emphasize: Strengthening the immune system, powerful antioxidant effects, restoring the adrenal glands, flushing the adrenal glands, cleansing the liver and preventing intestinal rot, to name a few. As might be expected, these claims have so far been anything but based on reliable evidence. So what does science say about celery juice?

Disclaimer: We are and remain a food manufacturer, are not a pharmaceutical company and expressly refrain from any media or other health advice. Therefore, in this article we want to take a critical look at the emerging celery juice hype and - as we usually do - treat the topic of celery juice from a factual, scientific perspective. This article references (8) academic papers and reviews 6 popular claims. We constantly update the article based on the latest knowledge.

fresh celery and celery green juice

The prevention and treatment of numerous ailments and even chronic illnesses is propagated or denied by various sides. But where does the celery juice phenomenon come from? Is it true that millions of people now swear by the healing properties of celery juice? Is there science behind old and new claims about celery? Questions upon questions that we try to answer in detail with this article.

Good news first: Celery itself is actually something good and you can't normally do any harm by drinking celery juice. So if you squeeze juice from a bunch of celery every morning (or... If you want to tap it, you should be happy to do so.

So let's start from the beginning: with the alleged one Miracle vegetables himself.

What are the ingredients from Celery ?

celery (Apium graveolens) is a marsh plant from the family Apiaceae , cultivated as vegetables since ancient times. Celery has several long, fibrous stems that taper into leaves. It forms a thick tuber underground, which we use primarily as an ingredient in soup greens.

Depending on where it is grown and which variety is used, either its stems, leaves or tubers are traditionally eaten and used in cooking. Celery seed is also used as a spice, and its extracts have long been used in herbal medicine.

The most common commercial variety in North America is celery, while in Europe the variety also includes celeriac (also known as celery root), Apium graveolens var. rapaceum , is popular.

Leaf celery (Chinese celery, Apium graveolens var. secalinum ) in swamp areas. It is most likely the oldest cultivated form of celery.

According to the USDA (the American Food and Drug Administration, which has been testing and standardizing the nutritional content of raw fruits and vegetables for decades), 100 g of celery contains approximately:

  • Water 95g
  • Energy 18 kcal
  • Protein 1.18 gm
  • Fat 0
  • Carbohydrates 3.53 gm
  • Fiber 1.2 gm
  • Sugar 1.8 gm
  • Calcium 40 mg
  • Iron 0
  • Potassium 260 mg
  • Sodium 82 mg
  • Vitamin C 3.1 mg
  • Carotene, beta 270 µg
  • Vitamin A 440 IU
  • Lutein + Zeaxanthin 283 µg
  • Vitamin K 29.3 µg
  • Kaempferol 0.2 mg
  • Quercetin 0.4 mg
  • Apigenin 2.9 mg

What is particularly noticeable is the high sodium content and the beta carotene, which is particularly present in the bitter leaves.

Where does so-called come from? Real celery before?

Celery distribution in the northern hemisphere (Eric Hultén via Wikipedia)
Celery distribution in the northern hemisphere (Eric Hultén via Wikipedia)

Celery plants and celery tubers are originally found in Europe, North Africa, Madeira, the Canary Islands, Yemen, Western Asia, Central Asia and the Caucasus region. [WIKIPEDIA SOURCE] The inculturation probably took place in the Mediterranean region . The natural habitat of the wild form is assumed to be saline, moist to swampy soils in the coastal areas of the Mediterranean countries. It occurs there in companies of the Agropyro-Rumicion association. [WIKIPEDIA SOURCE]

In Central Europe, the wild form only occurs in inland salt sites . It inhabits moist to wet, nutrient-rich, saline mud soils only in the colline altitude range . Their status in the German federal states lies between “endangered” and “extinct”. The wild form, if it ever existed, is extinct in Austria. [WIKIPEDIA SOURCE]

Celery juice myths

Although celery and celery juice have been around for thousands of years and celery in particular has been known as a medicinal plant for thousands of years, there is a renewed popularity Anthony William attributed. William, self-proclaimed “medical medium” and “originator” of the “Global Celery Juice Movement,” has been recommending celery juice since childhood (1976).

William, who claims he diagnosed his asymptomatic grandmother with lung cancer when he was four years old (which was reportedly confirmed by medical tests), says he was “born with the unique ability[…|] to Spirit of compassion who provides him with extraordinarily accurate health information that is often far ahead of its time”.

William is the author of four books to date, three of which have made the New York Times bestseller list: “Medical Medium,” “Life-Changing Foods,” “Thyroid Healing,” and “Liver Rescue.” He has a huge fan base. Including numerous well-known personalities such as Gwyneth Paltrow, Sylvester Stallone and Robert De Niro.

William, who has no medical or scientific training, claims Celery juice is a miracle cure that, among other things, calms inflammation. Especially in patients with autoimmune diseases.

He says the body's immune system is not the cause (contrary to the majority of scientists who claim pretty much the opposite), while in fact pathogenic bacteria and viruses - many of which are still undiscovered or misidentified - are the true cause are.

Celery juice “starves” the pathogens that cause such illnesses and other mysterious chronic ailments.

He also claims celery juice balances the body's pH and prevents ammonia permeability (another "important unknown cause of disease" [1] ). If the food is not digested properly in the stomach, it will rot in the stomach”. According to William:

(This) intestinal rot or putrefaction produces ammonia gas, which has the ability to ghostly float out of your digestive tract and directly into your bloodstream. It can also enter organs such as the liver and brain. This is what I call the ammonia permeability.

Millions of people are walking around with digestive health issues. One of the contributing factors is ammonia permeability, along with underlying sluggish liver problems[1].

From a rational-scientific point of view - according to the current consensus - so much can be viewed as wrong that one doesn't even know where to start. However, we will try to explain it in detail throughout this article.

How often you should Drink celery juice?

The recommended way to drink celery juice, according to William, is as follows:

Drink about 200 to 400 milliliters of celery juice on an empty stomach every morning. Make sure it is fresh, pure celery juice with no other ingredients. Celery juice is a medicinal and not a high-calorie drink, so you still need breakfast afterwards to fuel you for the day. Just wait at least 15 minutes after drinking your celery juice before consuming anything else. [1]

The celery should be washed and then run through a juicer. An alternative method is to chop or mix in a high-speed blender until it is a smooth and homogeneous mass. Then strain this mixture and drink immediately. It is important to use organic celery whenever possible.

For “best results,” the juice should not be diluted with water, ice, or other juice.

For those who suffer from an autoimmune disease or a chronic illness, William even recommends drinking 0.75l - 1l of pure celery juice per day. It can also be divided into two portions. As long as there is at least 15-30 minutes before the next meal.

There is Science for the Celery juice ?

With one word: Unfortunately no. There are only a handful of articles and scientific papers in publicly available journals (and publications) that specifically mention celery juice. None of these concern human studies. How Dr. Merry (PhD) from Trinity College in Dublin in her contribution HealthyButSmart.com above celery As it describes, there are a total of 1,109 articles in the scientific literature that refer to celery, including only 14 clinical studies and only one that explicitly deals with celery juice (but not exclusively with it).

In comparison, there are over 3,000 publications about carrots, including over 90 clinical studies (including on humans).

By the way… What are sodium cluster salts?

One of Anthony William's interesting claims is that a special property of celery juice that makes it so powerful is the presence of "undiscovered sodium cluster salts." William explains:

These subgroups of sodium combine as one and are infused with the other chemical compounds in celery […] which are very active in healing the body. Science has not yet deconstructed or studied these cluster salts. Eventually, research will show that these cluster salts work symbiotically and systematically to flush out toxins, dead pathogens like viruses and bacteria, and pathogenic neurotoxins and debris from every crevice of the body. [1]

We are convinced that you have to such Always take health claims with a healthy pinch (cluster) of salt. Especially when even their propagator admits that scientists have not yet discovered them and that they are therefore completely unexplored. In fact, if you try to look up a definition of sodium cluster salt or sodium chloride cluster in Google, you won't find one at all (and we always thought Google found everything). By the way, they are called in English Sodium Cluster salts.

However, it is known that sodium salt (like “normal” table salt) tends to group (i.e. cluster) like crystals in water. “Cluster salt” can sometimes be seen as a background artifact in liquid chromatography – a high-resolution Mass spectrometry test - turn up. This is a technique used to analyze biochemical, organic and inorganic compounds and is often used in complex studies of samples.

What properties such salt clusters have, or whether they can be directly linked to any specific bodily functions in our seemingly infinitely complex organism, have not yet been fully researched by modern science.

So there is simply almost no celery juice science yet.

celery juice scribble by scribblesbynicole

Helps celery juice for chronic illnesses ?

As already indicated, there are currently no studies examining the effect of celery juice on chronic diseases. However, there are some studies looking at a small compound called the flavonoid Apigenin , involved in the treatment of autoimmune diseases.

Apigenin is found in both celery and parsley, onions, oranges, chamomile, corn, rice, tea, wheat germ and some grasses.

A review of these studies Karisi et al. [2] showed that Apigenin a certain effect on immune cells and the inflammatory substances they produce in diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus, lupus and Multiple sclerosis has.

However, all previous studies have been in vitro (in test tubes) or in animal models. There are no human studies. So currently there is no evidence that celery juice helps with chronic diseases actually can help.

Helps Celery juice for stomach problems ?

We could only find two studies that mentioned celery and/or celery juice in connection with gastrointestinal health. The first one, from Al-Howiriny et al. [3] examined the effect of a celery extract on the ability of Indomethacin (an NSAID similar to ibuprofen) or an alcohol/salt mixture to cause stomach ulcers in rats.

It was found that rats that received either of the above two agents had significant stomach ulcers. Rodents treated with 250 or 500 mg/kg celery extract prior to treatment demonstrated gastric mucosal protection and reduced gastric acid secretion.

So they tolerated it well.

The only human study was by Adzimi et al. carried out from Iran [4] . They examined 150 patients with functional dyspepsia - a condition characterized by early satiety, bloating or bloating and stomach pain or burning.

Patients were randomly assigned to groups that received either a Placebo , the anti-heartburn medication omperprazole, or a combination of celery and Trachyspermum copticom , an ancient herb (used in the Middle East and India for intestinal and other health disorders).

The frequency and severity of patients' symptoms were assessed after 4 and 8 weeks of treatment, respectively. Those who received the traditional remedy showed a significant reduction in symptoms compared to those who received a placebo, similar to those who Omperprazole had received.

The main problem with this study is that the researchers did not include groups that consumed celery or Ajwain received as solo treatments. Therefore, it is impossible to determine what effect the celery component of the folk remedy actually contributed to the results - especially if Ajwain typically used for gastrointestinal symptoms.

So even if you have stomach problems, there is insufficient scientific evidence that celery juice actually improves gut health.

Is Celery juice good for them Liver ?

Again, to our knowledge, there have been no human studies examining the effects of celery or celery juice on the liver.

Among other things, we found two works worth mentioning. The first one, from Kolarovic et al [5], is a study that examined whether celery juice can alter several biochemical parameters caused by exposure of the liver or blood to the chemotherapy drug Doxorubicin be induced.

The parameters included the content of reduced Glutathione , activities of Catalase, xanthine oxidase, glutathione peroxidase, peroxidase and the intensity of the Lipid peroxidation . The rats were divided into three groups: control groups that received water, rats that received celery root juice, and rats that received celery root juice.

Each group was further divided - half were with them for two weeks Doxorubicin treated, the other half was not treated Doxorubicin treated. Three days after the last doxorubicin treatment, all animals were sacrificed in this animal experiment.

A liver homogenate (essentially a “liver tissue smoothie”) or blood hemolysate (blood whose red blood cells had been broken down) was collected from the animals and examined for the above-mentioned parameters.

Analysis of this data leads them to the conclusion that

Celery root and perennial juices influenced the biochemical parameters examined and showed protective effects when doxorubicin was used. [5]

The other article, from Jakovljevic et al [6], investigated the effect of celery and parsley juice on the pharmacodynamic activities of drugs that Cytochrome P450 (CYPs) into their metabolism.

CYPs are proteins/enzymes that can play an important role in drug metabolism. Although CYPs are present in most tissues of the body, they are most prominent in the liver.

In this study, the authors examined the

Effect of pretreatment of mice with juices of these plants on the effect of pentobarbital and the analgesic effect of paracetamol and aminopyrine.

A prolonged effect of pentobarbital was observed in mice pretreated with celery and parsley juice relative to the control, statistical significance is only reached in animals pretreated with parsley.

Both pretreatments increased and prolonged the analgesic effects of aminopyrine and paracetamol, with parsley pretreatment being more effective.

According to the limited number of studies, there is little evidence that celery juice could have a positive effect on liver function, but according to scientific standards these must also be shown to be insufficient.

Strengthens Celery juice the Bile ?

Bile acids are a large family of molecules that... steroidal structure and in the liver cholesterol synthesized and together with cholesterol and Phospholipids are actively excreted into the bile.

Bile flowing from the liver is concentrated in the gallbladder and released into the upper intestine in response to a meal. In the intestine, bile acids act as detergents and help emulsify fats and aid in their digestion and absorption.

After participating in digestion in the small intestine, bile acids are almost completely (95%) excreted in the distal ileum reabsorbed and then released again by the liver portal vein blood recorded (enterohepatic circulation) .

Medical professionals typically do not describe bile as “strong” or “weak.” Either there is enough bile available to carry out their digestive functions or there is none.

And since we don't have any human studies on the effects of celery juice on liver function, we can't say whether it increases bile production.

The only paper that was even remotely associated with celery extract and bile is by Tsi and Tan [7]. They treated mice — which had been genetically modified to have high cholesterol — with celery juice, which resulted in a significant reduction in their blood cholesterol levels.

They did not provide any increase Cholesterol synthesis in the liver and postulated that the lowered cholesterol level was caused by an increased excretion of bile acids.

Again, there are no human studies to date showing that celery juice can “strengthen” bile.

Is celery juice safe?

Of course, for most people, it's perfectly fine to eat celery as a snack, as an ingredient in a recipe, or to drink celery juice. It is a good, low-calorie source of numerous vitamins, minerals and other nutrients.

However, there are some people who should not eat celery or moderate the amount they eat (and drink). For example, people can be allergic to celery or celeriac, which is why it must be listed as an allergen in foods. A Swiss group led by Ballmer Weber [8th] confirmed that “celery root is a common cause of food allergy in pollen-sensitized patients.”

The most common symptom is this oral allergy syndrome (OAS), as occurs in pollen-related food allergies. The main signs of oral allergy syndrome are swelling and itching of the lips, mouth, tongue, and throat immediately after eating certain fruits and vegetables, especially when eaten raw.

fresh celery and celery green juice


Although celery is a good, low-calorie source of many vitamins, minerals and other nutrients and phytochemicals, there is no reliable, reproducible empirical evidence from large-scale, placebo-controlled, double-blind human trials to support its existence Celery juice It is an almost magical miracle elixir that could alleviate almost all of the ailments that plague so many people.

And now the big one But 

It's obvious: a seemingly unbelievable number of people around the world now swear by celery juice and are convinced of its healing powers. How can it be that at the same time this has been done by conventional scientific medicine? lie on the left was left aside even though there are also indications of its diverse effects in naturopathy and other cultural traditions?

Anthony William can now confidently be described as the leader of an almost cult-like megatrend: he now has a total of well over 5 million followers on the relevant social media platforms. His messages, but also personal stories of suffering and - through the supposed healing power of celery juice created - success stories are shared by tens of thousands of followers.

Since we decided to offer the freshest possible celery juice, we have also exchanged ideas with many of you. The feedback is – admittedly – very diverse. While some are upset about it (and accuse us) of not being uncompromising enough. So far we have added a small amount of organic lemon juice to naturally stabilize the juice in the interests of food safety, keyword: spore former ). However, at least as many are happy to finally have one nearly like homemade, cold-juiced ones Order celery juice in raw food quality in a 3l storage box and be able to try it. Now you can By the way, you can also buy celery juice made from celery in practical 250ml bottles.

After all, who has a juicer or blender that usually costs several hundred euros sitting around at home? The desire to feed it with kilos of fresh organic celery every day and then clean the machine can also quickly disappear. Not to mention the price increase (probably also triggered by the celery hype) and the availability problems in the off-season.

Is Celery juice just one trend or is the hype justified?

The best recipe - as is often the case - is to try it out! It doesn't matter whether it's homemade or tapped yourself. It's best for everyone to find out for themselves whether the slightly bitter, green elixir is for them and whether there is any truth to the promises of salvation.

One thing is certain: celery contains a variety of important nutrients and, as a typical vegetable juice with a low fructose content, cannot harm anyone as part of a balanced diet. As long as there is no allergy.

In any case, we would be very happy if science also addressed the topic more #celeryjuicebenefits would deal with. We are grateful for any information about new studies and publications that are brought to our attention.


List of sources:

  1. William, A. Celery Juice . Medical Medium 2018
  2. Kasiri, N., et al., The significant impact of apigenin on different aspects of autoimmune disease. Inflammopharmacology $V 26, 2018(6): p. 1359-1373.
  3. Al-Howiriny, T., et al., Gastric antiulcer, antisecretory and cytoprotective properties of celery (Apium graveolens) in rats. Pharm Biol, 2010. 48 (7): p. 786-93.
  4. Azimi, M., et al., Effect of Apium graveolens and Trachyspermum copticom on clinical symptoms of patients with functional dyspepsia. Avicenna journal of phytomedicine, 2017. 7 (6): p. 554-564.
  5. Kolarovic, J., et al., Protective effects of celery juice in treatments with doxorubicin. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 2009. 14 (4): p. 1627-1638.
  6. Jakovljevic, V., et al., The effect of celery and parsley juices on pharmacodynamic activity of drugs involving cytochrome P450 in their metabolism. Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet, 2002. 27 (3): p. 153-6.
  7. Tsi, D. and BK Tan, The mechanism underlying the hypocholesterolaemic activity of aqueous celery extract, its butanol and aqueous fractions in genetically hypercholesterolaemic RICO rats. Life Sci, 2000. 66 (8): p. 755-67
  8. Ballmer-Weber, BK, et al., Celery allergy confirmed by double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge: a clinical study in 32 subjects with a history of adverse reactions to celery root. J Allergy Clin Immunol, 2000. 106 (2): p. 373-8

Based on a post by Michele Berman MD . and partially translated from English by Julien, co-founder at Antidotes and slowly but surely a real expert when it comes to fresh celery juice.